said / same
 
say / tell
 
season
 
second / third
 
see / watch / look
 
shade / shadow
 
shade / blind
 
shake / rattle / wobble / vibrate
 
silly / stupid / dumb / ridiculous
 
size / big
 
slightly, a little / seriously, deeply / badly, very
 
smell / odor / stink / aroma / scent / fragrance / perfume
 
so far / by far
 
some / some of
 
sound / noise
 
speak / say
 
stranger /
strange person
 
symbols
 
   
  say / tell
   
A. say는 어떤 사람이 말한 내용을 그대로 되풀이 하는 즉 직접화법으로 말할 때 사용된다. 그리고 다음 1)의 예문에서 She said전달부(reporting clause)라 하고, said 전달동사(reporting verb)라고 그리고 "Yes, I'll come."피전달부(reported speech)라고 한다.
1. She said, "Yes, I'll come."
2. "Hello," he said.
   
B. say는 또한 어떤 사람이 말한 내용을 자신의 말로 바꾸어 즉 간접화법으로 말할 때도 사용된다.
1. She said that she would come.
2. She said in her letter that she'd come.
   
C. say는 어떤 글, 그림 또는 장치가 ···라고 씌어져 있다, ···을 표현하다, ···을 나타낸다 라는 의미로 사용된다.
1. The newspaper says it will rain.
2. What does this painting say to you?
3. What does your watch say?
4. The clock says ten-thirty.
   
D. tell 아무에게 that 이하를 말하다 라는 간접화법의 형태로 사용된다.
1. She told us that she would come.
2. Did I tell you that your brother called?
3. They told us the meeting was cancelled.
   
  다음 문장들을 비교하여 보자.
  What did she say to you?
  What did she tell you?
  What did she tell to you? (x)
  The doctor told her to stop smoking.
  The doctor said her to stop smoking. (x)
   
E. tell + + , tell + + to + 형태로  아무에게 ···을 말하다 라는 간접화법의 형태로 사용된다.
1. He told the children a story.
2. He told a story to the children.
3. He told them about his new bike.
   
 
 
 
 
She said that
she would come.
 
 
 
The newspaper says it will rain.
 
 
 
 
 
Did I tell you that your brother called?
 
 
 
 
 
 
He told them
about his new bike.
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